BANK OF QUESTION FOR PST LEVEL 4 SEMESTER 1

PST NTA LEVEL 4 SEMESTER 1 BANK OF QUESTIONS

1. What are the main human body systems?

2. What are the parts of the respiratory system?

3. What does the plasma membrane consist?

4. What are the functions of the cell?

5. What is the definition of the term tissue and membrane?

6. What are the four types of tissues?

7. What are the five main functions of tissue and membranes?

8. What is the main organ of respiration?

9. What are the functions of the nose?

10. What is the function of the pharynx?

11. What are the functions of the Larynx?

12. What are the functions of the saliva?

13. What are the functions of the small intestine?

14. What are the functions of the large intestine?

15. What is digestion?

16. What are the two types of digestion?

17. What are functions of hydrochloric acid?

18. What is the effect of ketone bodies in the body?

19. Mention the main blood vessels?




20. Differentiate between pulmonary and systemic circulation?

21. What are the functions of the heart?

22. What are the functions of blood?

23. Why do people react when give blood transfusion?

24. What are the four groups of blood?

25. What are the types of muscle tissue?

26. What are the five functions of muscles?

27. Which are the chief muscles of the body?

28. What are the functions of the bones?

29. What are the types of joints?

30. What are functions of the breast

31. Mention the secondary sex characteristics which occur in female

32. Explain the phases of menstruation

33. Describe structure of the vulva

34. Describe the blood supply of the ovary

35. What are main organs of the male reproductive system?

36. Explain the process of spermatogenesis

37. What is the process of urine formation?

38. What are the parts of the nephron?

39. What are functions of the Kidney?

40. What is a lymph?

41. What are the functions of the spleen?

42. What are the functions of the lymph nodes?

43. What is the physiological unit of the nervous system?

44. Mention the two main type of senses?

45. Explain the structure of a neuron?

46. What is the term used to describe the membrane covering the brain and the spinal cord?

47. What are the functions of the hypothalamus?

48. What are the twelve cranial nerves?

49. What is the largest nerve in the body and what happens when it is damaged?

50. How do sympathetic and parasympathetic systems work?

51. What are the glands that make up the endocrine system?

52. What is the difference between exocrine and endocrine gland?

53. Mention nerves supplying the orbit and eye.

54. Mention chambers of the eye.

55. Lacrimal gland secretes what type of secretion?

56. Define Ear

57. What are the parts of the ear.?

58. What is the Physiology of balance?




59. What are the functions of carbohydrates?

60. What are the functions proteins?

61. What are the functions of DNA and RNA?

62. What are the functions of carbohydrates?

63. What are the functions proteins?

64. What are the functions of DNA and RNA?

65. What is enzyme?

66. What is co- enzyme?

67. What are the functions of enzyme?

68. What are the functions of co- enzyme?

69. What is negative feedback?

70. What is positive feedback?

71. What is the total body water in adults?

72. What percentage is extracellular water?

73. What percentage is intracellular?
1. Why is the meaning of sewage?

2. What is the importance of safesewage disposal?

3. What are the methods of safe sewage disposal?

4. What are the types of water for pharmaceutical use?

5. What are the uses of each type of water for pharmaceutical use?

6. What are the methods of treating contaminated water?

7. Why is it important to treat contaminated water?

8. What are sources of water supply?

9. What are sources of water contamination?

10. What are measures for preventing water contamination? What is the difference between hygiene and sanitation?

11. What are the importances of sanitation and hygiene?

12. What is the common disease transmitted by animal bites?

13. What are the methods for controlling Rabies?

14. What are the common vectors borne diseases?

15. What are the vectors of medical importance?

16. What are the methods of controlling vector-borne diseases?

17. What are the diseases transmitted by faecal contamination?

18. What are the methods for controlling diseases transmitted by faecal contamination?

19. What common terms are used in disease and disease control?

20. What are the common airborne diseases?




21. What are methods for controlling airborne diseases?

22. What is the infective form of entamoeba histolytica?

23. What are the clinical features of amoebiasis?

24. What are the drugs used in treatment of amoebiasis?

25. How can Amoebiasis be prevented and controlled?

26. What causes Pneumonia?

27. What is the mode of transmission for pneumonia?

28. What are the major signs and symptoms of pneumonia?

29. What is the treatment of pneumonia?

30. What are the prevention and control measures of pneumonia?

31. What causes bronchitis?

32. What is the mode of transmission for common bronchitis?

33. What are the major signs and symptoms of bronchitis?

34. What is the treatment of common bronchitis?

35. What are the prevention and control measures of bronchitis?

36. What are causes of Tonsillitis?

37. What is the mode of transmission for Tonsillitis?

38. What are major signs and symptoms of Tonsillitis?

39. What is the treatment for common Tonsillitis?

40. What are the prevention and control measures of Tonsillitis?

41. What are the species that cause Malaria?

42. What is the mode of transmission of Malaria?

43. What are major signs and symptoms of Malaria?

44. What is treatment of Malaria?

45. What are methods prevention and control of Malaria?

46. What are the species that cause Malaria?

47. What is the mode of transmission of Malaria?

48. What are major signs and symptoms of Malaria?

49. What is treatment of Malaria?




50. What are methods prevention and control of Malaria?

51. What are the common terms used in communicable diseases?

52. What is medical importance of communicable diseases?

53. What are the common groups of communicable diseases?

54. What are the modes of transmission of communicable diseases?

55. What are the principles of prevention and control of communicable diseases?

56. What is a disinfectant?

57. What is an antiseptic?

58. What are the different types of disinfectants?

59. What are the different types of antiseptics?

60. What are uses of disinfectants and antiseptics?

61. What are the reasons for air purification in pharmaceutical setting?

62. What are the three methods used for air purification in pharmaceutical setting?

63. What are health hazards of poor housing?

64. What are types of ventilation?

65. What is the importance of proper ventilation?

66. What is the cause of common cold?

67. What is the mode of transmission for common cold?

68. What are major signs and symptoms of common cold?

69. What is the treatment for common cold?




70. What are the prevention and control measures of common cold?

71. What is Gonorrhoea?

72. What are signs and symptoms of gonorrhea?

73. What is mode of transmission of gonorrhea?

74. What is the treatment of gonorrhea?

75. How can you prevent Gonorrhoea in the community?

76. What causes leprosy?

77. How is leprosy transmitted?

78. What are the major signs and symptoms of leprosy?

79. Hat is the treatment of leprosy?

80. Explain prevention and control of leprosy

81. What are the preventive and control measures of leprosy?

82. What causes of tuberculosis?

83. What is the mode of transmission of tuberculosis?

84. What are major signs and symptoms of tuberculosis?

85. What is the treatment of tuberculosis?

86. What are the preventive prevention and control measures of tuberculosis?

87. What causes HIV/AIDS?

88. How is HIV/AIDS transmitted?

89. What are the major signs and symptoms of HIV/AIDS?

90. What is the treatment of HIV/AIDS?

91. What are the preventive and control measures of HIV/AIDS?

92. What causes of dermatophytes?

93. What is the mode of transmission of dermatophytes?

94. What are major signs and symptoms of dermatophytes?

95. What is the treatment of dermatophytes?




96. What are the prevention and control measures of dermatophytes?

97. What is the cause of scabies?

98. What is the mode of transmission of scabies?

99. What are signs and symptoms of scabies?

100. What is the treatment of scabies?

101. What are control measures for scabies?

102. What is the cause of scabies?

103. What is the mode of transmission of scabies?

104. What are signs and symptoms of scabies?

105. What is the treatment of scabies?

106. What are control measures for scabies?

107. What is Ascariasis?

108. How does a person acquire Ascariasis infection?

109. What are the signs and symptoms of Ascariasis?

110. What is the treatment of Ascariasis?

111. What are preventive and control measures of Ascariasis?

112. What is Ascariasis?

113. How does a person acquire Ascariasis infection?

114. What are the signs and symptoms of Ascariasis?

115. What is the treatment of Ascariasis?

116. What are preventive and control measures of Ascariasis?

117. What is food poisoning?

118. How is food poisoning transmitted?

119. What are the clinical features of food poisoning?

120. What is the treatment of food poisoning?




121. What are the prevention and control measures of food poisoning?

122. What is the cause of typhoid fever?

123. What is the mode of transmission of typhoid fever?

124. What are signs and symptoms of typhoid fever?

125. What is the treatment of typhoid fever?

126. How is typhoid fever prevented?

127. What are the sources of contamination in pharmaceutical settings?

128. What are the consequences of contamination on pharmaceutical products?

129. What are the measures for preventing and controlling contamination in pharmaceutical settings?

130. What is allergic rhinitis?

131. What are signs and symptoms of allergic rhinitis?

132. What is the treatment of allergic rhinitis?

133. What is preventive and control measures of allergic rhinitis? What are the cause(s) of asthma?

134. What are the major signs and symptoms of asthma?

135. What is the treatment of asthma?

136. What are the measures for prevention of asthma?

137. What causes peptic ulcer?

138. What are the types of peptic ulcers

139. What are signs and symptoms of peptic ulcers?

140. What is the treatment of peptic ulcers?

141. What are preventive measures of peptic ulcers?

142. What is diabetes mellitus?

143. What are the causes of diabetes mellitus

144. What are the types of diabetes?

145. What are the signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus?

146. What is the treatment of diabetes mellitus?

147. What are the preventive measures of diabetes mellitus?

148. What is hypertension?

149. How is hypertension classified?

150. What is the pharmacological treatment of hypertension?

151. What are preventive measures of hypertension?

152. What are non-communicable diseases?

153. What are risk factors for non-communicable diseases?

154. What are preventive measures for non-communicable diseases?

155. What is vaginal candidiasis?

156. What are clinical features of vaginal candidiasis?

157. What is the treatment is of vaginal candidiasis?

158. What are the control and preventive measures of vaginal candidiasis?

159. What is Trichomoniasis?

160. What is the mode of transmission of Trichomoniasis?

161. What are signs and symptoms of Trichomoniasis?

162. What is the drug of choice for treatment of Trichomoniasis?

163. What are control and preventive measures of Trichomoniasis?

164. What causes Syphilis?

165. What is the mode of transmission of Syphilis?

166. What are the signs and symptoms of Syphilis?

167. What is the treatment of Syphilis?

168. What are preventive and control measure of Syphilis?

169. What causes Syphilis?

170. What is the mode of transmission of Syphilis?

171. What are the signs and symptoms of Syphilis?

172. What is the treatment of Syphilis?

173. What are preventive and control measure of Syphilis?

174. What are the common nutritional deficiency diseases?

175. How are nutritional deficiency diseases managed?

176. What are sources and classes of different food substances?

177. What is the composition of each class of food?

178. What is balanced diet?

179. What is the importance of balanced diet to human health?

180. What is the difference between fat soluble and water soluble vitamins?

181. What is the pharmaceutical wastes?

182. What are the categories of healthcare wastes?

183. What are the principles of waste management?

184. What are the methods for disposal of pharmaceutical wastes?

185. What are the consequences of improper disposal of pharmaceutical wastes?

186. What is the procedure for safe disposal of unfit medicines as per Tanzania Foods, Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 2003?

1. Why is the meaning of sewage?

2. What is the importance of safesewage disposal?

3. What are the methods of safe sewage disposal?

4. What are the types of water for pharmaceutical use?

5. What are the uses of each type of water for pharmaceutical use?

6. What are the methods of treating contaminated water?

7. Why is it important to treat contaminated water?

8. What are sources of water supply?

9. What are sources of water contamination?

10. What are measures for preventing water contamination? What is the difference between hygiene and sanitation?

11. What are the importances of sanitation and hygiene?

12. What is the common disease transmitted by animal bites?

13. What are the methods for controlling Rabies?

14. What are the common vectors borne diseases?

15. What are the vectors of medical importance?

16. What are the methods of controlling vector-borne diseases?

17. What are the diseases transmitted by faecal contamination?

18. What are the methods for controlling diseases transmitted by faecal contamination?

19. What common terms are used in disease and disease control?

20. What are the common airborne diseases?




21. What are methods for controlling airborne diseases?

22. What is the infective form of entamoeba histolytica?

23. What are the clinical features of amoebiasis?

24. What are the drugs used in treatment of amoebiasis?

25. How can Amoebiasis be prevented and controlled?

26. What causes Pneumonia?

27. What is the mode of transmission for pneumonia?

28. What are the major signs and symptoms of pneumonia?

29. What is the treatment of pneumonia?

30. What are the prevention and control measures of pneumonia?

31. What causes bronchitis?

32. What is the mode of transmission for common bronchitis?

33. What are the major signs and symptoms of bronchitis?

34. What is the treatment of common bronchitis?

35. What are the prevention and control measures of bronchitis?

36. What are causes of Tonsillitis?

37. What is the mode of transmission for Tonsillitis?

38. What are major signs and symptoms of Tonsillitis?

39. What is the treatment for common Tonsillitis?

40. What are the prevention and control measures of Tonsillitis?

41. What are the species that cause Malaria?

42. What is the mode of transmission of Malaria?

43. What are major signs and symptoms of Malaria?

44. What is treatment of Malaria?

45. What are methods prevention and control of Malaria?

46. What are the species that cause Malaria?

47. What is the mode of transmission of Malaria?

48. What are major signs and symptoms of Malaria?

49. What is treatment of Malaria?




50. What are methods prevention and control of Malaria?

51. What are the common terms used in communicable diseases?

52. What is medical importance of communicable diseases?

53. What are the common groups of communicable diseases?

54. What are the modes of transmission of communicable diseases?

55. What are the principles of prevention and control of communicable diseases?

56. What is a disinfectant?

57. What is an antiseptic?

58. What are the different types of disinfectants?

59. What are the different types of antiseptics?

60. What are uses of disinfectants and antiseptics?

61. What are the reasons for air purification in pharmaceutical setting?

62. What are the three methods used for air purification in pharmaceutical setting?

63. What are health hazards of poor housing?

64. What are types of ventilation?

65. What is the importance of proper ventilation?

66. What is the cause of common cold?

67. What is the mode of transmission for common cold?

68. What are major signs and symptoms of common cold?

69. What is the treatment for common cold?




70. What are the prevention and control measures of common cold?

71. What is Gonorrhoea?

72. What are signs and symptoms of gonorrhea?

73. What is mode of transmission of gonorrhea?

74. What is the treatment of gonorrhea?

75. How can you prevent Gonorrhoea in the community?

76. What causes leprosy?

77. How is leprosy transmitted?

78. What are the major signs and symptoms of leprosy?

79. Hat is the treatment of leprosy?

80. Explain prevention and control of leprosy

81. What are the preventive and control measures of leprosy?

82. What causes of tuberculosis?

83. What is the mode of transmission of tuberculosis?

84. What are major signs and symptoms of tuberculosis?

85. What is the treatment of tuberculosis?

86. What are the preventive prevention and control measures of tuberculosis?

87. What causes HIV/AIDS?

88. How is HIV/AIDS transmitted?

89. What are the major signs and symptoms of HIV/AIDS?

90. What is the treatment of HIV/AIDS?

91. What are the preventive and control measures of HIV/AIDS?

92. What causes of dermatophytes?

93. What is the mode of transmission of dermatophytes?

94. What are major signs and symptoms of dermatophytes?

95. What is the treatment of dermatophytes?




96. What are the prevention and control measures of dermatophytes?

97. What is the cause of scabies?

98. What is the mode of transmission of scabies?

99. What are signs and symptoms of scabies?

100. What is the treatment of scabies?

101. What are control measures for scabies?

102. What is the cause of scabies?

103. What is the mode of transmission of scabies?

104. What are signs and symptoms of scabies?

105. What is the treatment of scabies?

106. What are control measures for scabies?

107. What is Ascariasis?

108. How does a person acquire Ascariasis infection?

109. What are the signs and symptoms of Ascariasis?

110. What is the treatment of Ascariasis?

111. What are preventive and control measures of Ascariasis?

112. What is Ascariasis?

113. How does a person acquire Ascariasis infection?

114. What are the signs and symptoms of Ascariasis?

115. What is the treatment of Ascariasis?

116. What are preventive and control measures of Ascariasis?

117. What is food poisoning?

118. How is food poisoning transmitted?

119. What are the clinical features of food poisoning?

120. What is the treatment of food poisoning?




121. What are the prevention and control measures of food poisoning?

122. What is the cause of typhoid fever?

123. What is the mode of transmission of typhoid fever?

124. What are signs and symptoms of typhoid fever?

125. What is the treatment of typhoid fever?

126. How is typhoid fever prevented?

127. What are the sources of contamination in pharmaceutical settings?

128. What are the consequences of contamination on pharmaceutical products?

129. What are the measures for preventing and controlling contamination in pharmaceutical settings?

130. What is allergic rhinitis?

131. What are signs and symptoms of allergic rhinitis?

132. What is the treatment of allergic rhinitis?

133. What is preventive and control measures of allergic rhinitis? What are the cause(s) of asthma?

134. What are the major signs and symptoms of asthma?

135. What is the treatment of asthma?

136. What are the measures for prevention of asthma?

137. What causes peptic ulcer?

138. What are the types of peptic ulcers

139. What are signs and symptoms of peptic ulcers?

140. What is the treatment of peptic ulcers?

141. What are preventive measures of peptic ulcers?

142. What is diabetes mellitus?

143. What are the causes of diabetes mellitus

144. What are the types of diabetes?

145. What are the signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus?

146. What is the treatment of diabetes mellitus?

147. What are the preventive measures of diabetes mellitus?

148. What is hypertension?

149. How is hypertension classified?

150. What is the pharmacological treatment of hypertension?

151. What are preventive measures of hypertension?

152. What are non-communicable diseases?

153. What are risk factors for non-communicable diseases?

154. What are preventive measures for non-communicable diseases?

155. What is vaginal candidiasis?

156. What are clinical features of vaginal candidiasis?

157. What is the treatment is of vaginal candidiasis?

158. What are the control and preventive measures of vaginal candidiasis?

159. What is Trichomoniasis?

160. What is the mode of transmission of Trichomoniasis?

161. What are signs and symptoms of Trichomoniasis?

162. What is the drug of choice for treatment of Trichomoniasis?

163. What are control and preventive measures of Trichomoniasis?

164. What causes Syphilis?

165. What is the mode of transmission of Syphilis?

166. What are the signs and symptoms of Syphilis?

167. What is the treatment of Syphilis?

168. What are preventive and control measure of Syphilis?

169. What causes Syphilis?

170. What is the mode of transmission of Syphilis?

171. What are the signs and symptoms of Syphilis?

172. What is the treatment of Syphilis?

173. What are preventive and control measure of Syphilis?

174. What are the common nutritional deficiency diseases?

175. How are nutritional deficiency diseases managed?

176. What are sources and classes of different food substances?

177. What is the composition of each class of food?

178. What is balanced diet?

179. What is the importance of balanced diet to human health?

180. What is the difference between fat soluble and water soluble vitamins?

181. What is the pharmaceutical wastes?

182. What are the categories of healthcare wastes?

183. What are the principles of waste management?

184. What are the methods for disposal of pharmaceutical wastes?

185. What are the consequences of improper disposal of pharmaceutical wastes?

186. What is the procedure for safe disposal of unfit medicines as per Tanzania Foods, Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 2003?

1. Why is the meaning of sewage?

2. What is the importance of safesewage disposal?

3. What are the methods of safe sewage disposal?

4. What are the types of water for pharmaceutical use?

5. What are the uses of each type of water for pharmaceutical use?

6. What are the methods of treating contaminated water?

7. Why is it important to treat contaminated water?

8. What are sources of water supply?

9. What are sources of water contamination?

10. What are measures for preventing water contamination? What is the difference between hygiene and sanitation?

11. What are the importances of sanitation and hygiene?

12. What is the common disease transmitted by animal bites?

13. What are the methods for controlling Rabies?

14. What are the common vectors borne diseases?

15. What are the vectors of medical importance?

16. What are the methods of controlling vector-borne diseases?

17. What are the diseases transmitted by faecal contamination?

18. What are the methods for controlling diseases transmitted by faecal contamination?

19. What common terms are used in disease and disease control?

20. What are the common airborne diseases?




21. What are methods for controlling airborne diseases?

22. What is the infective form of entamoeba histolytica?

23. What are the clinical features of amoebiasis?

24. What are the drugs used in treatment of amoebiasis?

25. How can Amoebiasis be prevented and controlled?

26. What causes Pneumonia?

27. What is the mode of transmission for pneumonia?

28. What are the major signs and symptoms of pneumonia?

29. What is the treatment of pneumonia?

30. What are the prevention and control measures of pneumonia?

31. What causes bronchitis?

32. What is the mode of transmission for common bronchitis?

33. What are the major signs and symptoms of bronchitis?

34. What is the treatment of common bronchitis?

35. What are the prevention and control measures of bronchitis?

36. What are causes of Tonsillitis?

37. What is the mode of transmission for Tonsillitis?

38. What are major signs and symptoms of Tonsillitis?

39. What is the treatment for common Tonsillitis?

40. What are the prevention and control measures of Tonsillitis?

41. What are the species that cause Malaria?

42. What is the mode of transmission of Malaria?

43. What are major signs and symptoms of Malaria?

44. What is treatment of Malaria?

45. What are methods prevention and control of Malaria?

46. What are the species that cause Malaria?

47. What is the mode of transmission of Malaria?

48. What are major signs and symptoms of Malaria?

49. What is treatment of Malaria?




50. What are methods prevention and control of Malaria?

51. What are the common terms used in communicable diseases?

52. What is medical importance of communicable diseases?

53. What are the common groups of communicable diseases?

54. What are the modes of transmission of communicable diseases?

55. What are the principles of prevention and control of communicable diseases?

56. What is a disinfectant?

57. What is an antiseptic?

58. What are the different types of disinfectants?

59. What are the different types of antiseptics?

60. What are uses of disinfectants and antiseptics?

61. What are the reasons for air purification in pharmaceutical setting?

62. What are the three methods used for air purification in pharmaceutical setting?

63. What are health hazards of poor housing?

64. What are types of ventilation?

65. What is the importance of proper ventilation?

66. What is the cause of common cold?

67. What is the mode of transmission for common cold?

68. What are major signs and symptoms of common cold?

69. What is the treatment for common cold?




70. What are the prevention and control measures of common cold?

71. What is Gonorrhoea?

72. What are signs and symptoms of gonorrhea?

73. What is mode of transmission of gonorrhea?

74. What is the treatment of gonorrhea?

75. How can you prevent Gonorrhoea in the community?

76. What causes leprosy?

77. How is leprosy transmitted?

78. What are the major signs and symptoms of leprosy?

79. Hat is the treatment of leprosy?

80. Explain prevention and control of leprosy

81. What are the preventive and control measures of leprosy?

82. What causes of tuberculosis?

83. What is the mode of transmission of tuberculosis?

84. What are major signs and symptoms of tuberculosis?

85. What is the treatment of tuberculosis?

86. What are the preventive prevention and control measures of tuberculosis?

87. What causes HIV/AIDS?

88. How is HIV/AIDS transmitted?

89. What are the major signs and symptoms of HIV/AIDS?

90. What is the treatment of HIV/AIDS?

91. What are the preventive and control measures of HIV/AIDS?

92. What causes of dermatophytes?

93. What is the mode of transmission of dermatophytes?

94. What are major signs and symptoms of dermatophytes?

95. What is the treatment of dermatophytes?




96. What are the prevention and control measures of dermatophytes?

97. What is the cause of scabies?

98. What is the mode of transmission of scabies?

99. What are signs and symptoms of scabies?

100. What is the treatment of scabies?

101. What are control measures for scabies?

102. What is the cause of scabies?

103. What is the mode of transmission of scabies?

104. What are signs and symptoms of scabies?

105. What is the treatment of scabies?

106. What are control measures for scabies?

107. What is Ascariasis?

108. How does a person acquire Ascariasis infection?

109. What are the signs and symptoms of Ascariasis?

110. What is the treatment of Ascariasis?

111. What are preventive and control measures of Ascariasis?

112. What is Ascariasis?

113. How does a person acquire Ascariasis infection?

114. What are the signs and symptoms of Ascariasis?

115. What is the treatment of Ascariasis?

116. What are preventive and control measures of Ascariasis?

117. What is food poisoning?

118. How is food poisoning transmitted?

119. What are the clinical features of food poisoning?

120. What is the treatment of food poisoning?




121. What are the prevention and control measures of food poisoning?

122. What is the cause of typhoid fever?

123. What is the mode of transmission of typhoid fever?

124. What are signs and symptoms of typhoid fever?

125. What is the treatment of typhoid fever?

126. How is typhoid fever prevented?

127. What are the sources of contamination in pharmaceutical settings?

128. What are the consequences of contamination on pharmaceutical products?

129. What are the measures for preventing and controlling contamination in pharmaceutical settings?

130. What is allergic rhinitis?

131. What are signs and symptoms of allergic rhinitis?

132. What is the treatment of allergic rhinitis?

133. What is preventive and control measures of allergic rhinitis? What are the cause(s) of asthma?

134. What are the major signs and symptoms of asthma?

135. What is the treatment of asthma?

136. What are the measures for prevention of asthma?

137. What causes peptic ulcer?

138. What are the types of peptic ulcers

139. What are signs and symptoms of peptic ulcers?

140. What is the treatment of peptic ulcers?

141. What are preventive measures of peptic ulcers?

142. What is diabetes mellitus?

143. What are the causes of diabetes mellitus

144. What are the types of diabetes?

145. What are the signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus?

146. What is the treatment of diabetes mellitus?

147. What are the preventive measures of diabetes mellitus?

148. What is hypertension?

149. How is hypertension classified?

150. What is the pharmacological treatment of hypertension?

151. What are preventive measures of hypertension?

152. What are non-communicable diseases?

153. What are risk factors for non-communicable diseases?

154. What are preventive measures for non-communicable diseases?

155. What is vaginal candidiasis?

156. What are clinical features of vaginal candidiasis?

157. What is the treatment is of vaginal candidiasis?

158. What are the control and preventive measures of vaginal candidiasis?

159. What is Trichomoniasis?

160. What is the mode of transmission of Trichomoniasis?

161. What are signs and symptoms of Trichomoniasis?

162. What is the drug of choice for treatment of Trichomoniasis?

163. What are control and preventive measures of Trichomoniasis?

164. What causes Syphilis?

165. What is the mode of transmission of Syphilis?

166. What are the signs and symptoms of Syphilis?

167. What is the treatment of Syphilis?

168. What are preventive and control measure of Syphilis?

169. What causes Syphilis?

170. What is the mode of transmission of Syphilis?

171. What are the signs and symptoms of Syphilis?

172. What is the treatment of Syphilis?

173. What are preventive and control measure of Syphilis?

174. What are the common nutritional deficiency diseases?

175. How are nutritional deficiency diseases managed?

176. What are sources and classes of different food substances?

177. What is the composition of each class of food?

178. What is balanced diet?

179. What is the importance of balanced diet to human health?

180. What is the difference between fat soluble and water soluble vitamins?

181. What is the pharmaceutical wastes?

182. What are the categories of healthcare wastes?

183. What are the principles of waste management?

184. What are the methods for disposal of pharmaceutical wastes?

185. What are the consequences of improper disposal of pharmaceutical wastes?

186. What is the procedure for safe disposal of unfit medicines as per Tanzania Foods, Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 2003?
1. What are the main human body systems?

2. What are the parts of the respiratory system?

3. What does the plasma membrane consist?

4. What are the functions of the cell?

5. What is the definition of the term tissue and membrane?

6. What are the four types of tissues?

7. What are the five main functions of tissue and membranes?

8. What is the main organ of respiration?

9. What are the functions of the nose?

10. What is the function of the pharynx?

11. What are the functions of the Larynx?

12. What are the functions of the saliva?

13. What are the functions of the small intestine?

14. What are the functions of the large intestine?

15. What is digestion?

16. What are the two types of digestion?

17. What are functions of hydrochloric acid?

18. What is the effect of ketone bodies in the body?

19. Mention the main blood vessels?



20. Differentiate between pulmonary and systemic circulation?

21. What are the functions of the heart?

22. What are the functions of blood?

23. Why do people react when give blood transfusion?

24. What are the four groups of blood?

25. What are the types of muscle tissue?

26. What are the five functions of muscles?

27. Which are the chief muscles of the body?

28. What are the functions of the bones?

29. What are the types of joints?

30. What are functions of the breast

31. Mention the secondary sex characteristics which occur in female

32. Explain the phases of menstruation

33. Describe structure of the vulva

34. Describe the blood supply of the ovary

35. What are main organs of the male reproductive system?

36. Explain the process of spermatogenesis

37. What is the process of urine formation?

38. What are the parts of the nephron?

39. What are functions of the Kidney?

40. What is a lymph?

41. What are  the functions of the spleen?

42. What are the functions of the lymph nodes?

43. What is the physiological unit of the nervous system?

44. Mention the two main type of senses?

45. Explain the structure of a neuron?

46. What is the term used to describe the membrane covering the brain and the spinal cord?

47. What are the functions of the hypothalamus?

48. What are the twelve cranial nerves?

49. What is the largest nerve in the body and what happens when it is damaged?

50. How do sympathetic and parasympathetic systems work?

51. What are the glands that make up the endocrine system?

52. What is the difference between exocrine and endocrine gland?

53. Mention nerves supplying the orbit and eye.

54. Mention chambers of the eye.

55. Lacrimal gland secretes what type of secretion?

56. Define Ear

57. What are the parts of the ear.?

58. What is the Physiology of balance?



59. What are the functions of carbohydrates?

60. What are the functions proteins?

61. What are the functions of DNA and RNA?

62. What are the functions of carbohydrates?

63. What are the functions proteins?

64. What are the functions of DNA and RNA?

65. What is enzyme?

66. What is co- enzyme?

67. What are the functions of enzyme?

68. What are the functions of co- enzyme?

69. What is negative feedback?

70. What is positive feedback?

71. What is the total body water in adults?

72. What percentage is extracellular water?

73. What percentage is intracellular?
1. What is a pharmaceutical packaging material?

2. What are the characteristics of pharmaceutical packaging materials?

3. Why is it important to pack pharmaceutical products?

4. What are the consequences of pharmaceutical dosage forms instability?

5. What are the factors affecting the stability of pharmaceutical dosage forms?

6. What are the effects of plastic packaging materials on the stability of pharmaceutical dosage forms?

7. What are the major components of pharmaceutical dosage form?

8. What is Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient?

9. What is a pharmaceutical excipient?

10.What are the use(s) of pharmaceutical excipients?

11. What is the route of drug administration?

12. What are the types of parenteral route?

13. Which are factors to consider when selecting the route of drug administration?

14. What are the advantages of Intravenous route over oral route?

15. What are the types of parenteral dosage forms?

16. What are the advantages of parenteral and aerosols dosage forms?

17. How is the aerosol packaging component?

18. How are oral liquid dosage forms prepared?




19. What are the types of liquid dosage forms?

20. What are advantages of using liquid dosage forms?

21. How are oral liquid dosage forms prepared?

22. What are the types of liquid dosage forms?

23. What are advantages of using liquid dosage forms?

24. What is dosage form?

25. What are the different classes of pharmaceutical dosage forms?

26. What is the importance of pharmaceutical dosage forms?

27. What are the major types of solid dosage forms?

28. What is the route of administration for tablets and capsules?

29. What are the advantages of capsules over tablets?

30. What are the ideal properties of semisolid dosage forms?

31. What are the different types of semisolid dosage forms?

32. What is the difference between cream and ointment?

33. How are oral liquid dosage forms prepared?

34. What are the types of liquid dosage forms?

35. What are advantages of using liquid dosage forms?

36. What are the types of pharmaceutical containers and closures?

37. What are the ideal requirements of pharmaceutical containers and closures?

38. What are the advantages of glass containers over plastic containers?

1. What is packaging, packaging material, repacking?

2. What are the features of a suitable packaging material?

3. What types of containers are used for medicine packaging?

4. What are the factors contribute to the choice of packaging material?

5. What are the importances of medicine packaging material?

6. What are the advantages and disadvantages of different type of containers?

7. What is dispensing?

8. Which condition(s) are necessary for patient to report back to prescriber?

9. What is DOT?

10. What is adverse drug reaction?

11. When adverse drug reaction occur?

12. Why is it important to report adverse drug reaction?

13. What is drug overdose?

14. What is intoxication?

15. Where should the report be sent?

16. What are the importance of dispensing?

17. What is a Medical Prescription?

18. What are the parts of a Medical Prescription?

19. What are the features of different parts of a Medical Prescription?

20. What are the most common used abbreviations in medical prescriptions?




21. What is STG?

22. What is the importance of STG?

23. Who are the authorized prescribers?

24. What is TNF, NEMList and hospital formulary?

25. What are the importances of formularies when prescribing/dispensing medicines?

26. What are prescription errors?

27. What are the common prescription errors?

28. What is dispensing?

29. What is Medicine ?

30. Which are the Good Dispensing Procedures?

31. What are the information that will determine the total quantity of tablets and capsules to be dispensed?

32. What are the information that will determine the total quantity of ear/eye/nasal preparations to be dispensed?

33. What are the information that will determine the total quantity of injectables to be dispensed?

34. What are the information that will determine the total quantity of creams and ointments to be dispensed?

35. What is a label for medicine to be dispensed?

36. What informations are appropriate to be included in a label of medicine to be dispensed?

37. What are the essential features of a label of medicine to be dispensed?




What are the generic names (Non-proprietary name) and brand names (Proprietary names)?
What are the differences between generic names and brand names?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of generic names and brand name?
41. Which instructions are important to be given to patient while dispensing medicines?

42. What information would a dispenser want to know if a patient has understood the medication taking instructions?

43. Who should fill the ADR (Yellow Form) for a patient?

44. Why is it important to keep a copy of complete ADR (Yellow Form) for your record?

45. What is a dispensing register?

46. What information is filled in a dispensing register?

47. What is the importance of keeping records?

48. What is the importance of electronic records?

49. What is Rational Use of Medicines?

50. What are the Components of Rational use of Medicines?

51. What are the Concequences of Irrational Use of Medicine?

52. What is the importance of Rational Use of Medicines?

53. What are the commonly encountered irrational prescribing practices?

54. What is irrational prescribing?

55. What are the types of irrational prescribing?

56. What factors contribute to irrational prescribing?

57. What are the Measures to alleviate irrational prescribing?

What is Irrational Dispensing?
What are the different practices of irrational dispensing observed from Dispensers?
What are factors that contributing to Irrational Dispensing?
What are the measures to alleviate Irrational Dispensing?
62. What are the sections of a pharmacy department?

63. What are the activities offered in a pharmacy department?

64. What are the requirements for a functional dispensing unit?
1. What does the term ‘computer’ mean?
2. What is the history of personal computer
3. What are the computer parts?
4. What are the features of keyboard?
5. What are the procedures used in switching computer ON and OFF.
6. What is the structure of computer?
7. How many computer generations are there?
8. What are major parts of a computer?
9. What are the different types of backup equipment?
10. What are areas where computer can be used in pharmacy field?
11. What are the uses of computer in dispensing?
12. What are advantage and disadvantage of using computers in
pharmacy?
13. What is the meaning of information technology in inventory system?
14. What are the benefits of information technology in inventory
management?
15. What are commonly used computerized inventory systems?
16. What is software?
17. What do you understand by the term System Software?
18. What are the different types of Computer Software?
19. What are the parts of the Word window?
20. What is the difference between “Save” and “Save As” command?
21. When do you use Backspace/Delete keys and Undo/Repeat functions?
22. What is the use of Cut, Copy, Paste, Drag and Drop functions?
23. Most documents have text that is left aligned. What are the other
Alignments you know?
24. What are the two most common spacing options?
25. The ruler provides a visual tool that allows you to do what?
26. What are steps to format text?
27. Why do you use bulleted and numbered lists?
28. What are steps which areused to insert Symbols?
29. What are the steps involved to insert Headers and Footers?
30. What are steps to create text boxes?
31. What are steps involved to create columns in word document?
32. How do you create tables in word document?
33. Which steps are involved in editing tables?
34. What are steps involved to insert and set objects?
35. What are steps involved to insert and set pictures?
36. How do you create and modify Diagrams and Charts?
37. What are steps involved to insert Hyperlinks?
38. What are steps involved to print envelopes?
39. What are the steps involved for making track changes in a word
document?
40. What are steps involved to accept and reject changes in the word
document?
41. What is the default view for PowerPoint?
42. What are steps of creating a Blank Presentation?
43. What are steps of inserting, copying and deleting slides?
44. What are the procedures for opening a presentation that you've
previously saved?
45. What are the steps for formatting text?
46. How can you format using bullets and numbers?
47. What steps shoukd be followed in adding clip art and pictures?
48. What are the procedures for adding AutoShapes, WordArt and
Hyperlinks?
49. What steps are involved in animating slides?
50. How can you create a Slide Master?
51. What are steps involved in spell checking and printing?
52. How do you add transition to slides for presentation?
53. What are the tasks of the following Excel window parts?
54. Title bar, Menu bar, Toolbar, Formula Bar
55. How do you create, open and save workbooks?
56. How do you enter, edit and delete data in worksheet?
57. How do you define a meaningful name for each worksheet in a
workbook?
58. How do you insert and delete Rows and columns?
59. How do you change column width and row height?
60. Which steps are followed in inserting and deleting cells?
61. How can a text be aligned to 45 degrees?
62. When is the equal sign (=) used?
63. How can a chart be created?
64. Which steps are involved in moving, resizing, and deleting charts?
65. How can we change a page orientation?
66. How can you create computer folder and file?
67. How can you maintain a computer?
68. How can you remove spyware/ adware from a computer?
69. What are types of internet communication?
70. What is the difference between the internet and the Web?
71. What are the most common uses of the Internet and the Web